Experimental investigation on the influence of the liquid inside the tanks in the wave behavior of FLNG vessels in side-by-side offloading operations

journal2  Detail of fenders and side-by-side connections setup.


With respect to the design of FLNG systems, the sizing of tanks is a major subject that impacts several areas. The use of fewer number of tanks reduces construction costs significantly. However, very large tanks have a large liquid cargo motion. This motion inside tanks is generally studied because of the impact on the structural design of tank walls. Many effects such as sloshing, trapped waves, breaking waves occur inside a tank and the problems caused by then are more than simple structural issues. In this work, an experimental arrangement was set up to investigate the influence of the liquid inside the tanks in the wave behavior of FLNG. The study comprised the vessel evaluation both in isolated and in side-by-side configurations. The latter considered the vessel operating close to an LNG carrier, emulating an offloading operation. The FLNG model was equipped with six acrylic tanks filled with water at three different levels: 15, 50 and 90%. In addition, the same cases were tested with corresponding solid ballasts to evaluate the impact of the liquid movement. In the side-by-side configurations, the models were equipped with fenders and connection lines. In addition, wave probes were used to measure the wave elevation in the gap between the vessels. The results are presented and discussed in terms of the comparisons: isolated versus side-by-side and solid cargo versus liquid cargo.


  • FLNG;
  • Sloshing;
  • Model test;
  • Coupled hydrodynamics;
  • Side-by-side offloading operation


FLNG scaled model. Legend: (a) FLNG tanks (CAD), (b) FLNG acrylic tanks, (c) FLNG complete model (CAD), (d) FLNG complete model.

Journal: Applied Ocean Research Volume 74, May 2018, Pages 28–39 –Link